Northeast India shares an international border of 5,182 kilometres/3,220 miles (about 99 percent of its total geographical boundary) with Bhutan, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Tibet and Nepal covering an area of 262,230 square kilometres (101,250 sq miles), almost 8 percent of that of India, and is one of the largest salient in the world. A salient is a geographical entity not surrounded by water on three sides and connected to a geographical mainland. Think the panhandle of a cooking pan.
Geographically, except for Assam, the terrain of the Northeast India is hilly interspersed with valleys and plains which are watered by numerous rivers. The altitude varies from sea-level to 7,000 metres (23,000 ft) above sea level.
Sikkim and Arunachal have a cold climate, while the rest of the states have hot humid summers, severe monsoons and mild winters.
POPULATION AND DEMOGRAPHIC
The total population of Northeast India is 46 million with 68 percent of that living in Assam alone. The region’s population is a result of waves of migrations from Tibet, Nepal, Indo-Gangetic plains of mainland India, Bangladesh and Myanmar.
Northeast India constitutes a single linguistic region with about 220 languages/dialects in multiple language families known to mankind.
The northeastern region has 1,63,799 km2 of forest, which makes for 25% of the total forest cover in in India. It is home to some of the country’s last remaining rain forests.
India houses 4 out of the 34 biodiversity hotspots in the world. 2 of them are in Northeast India.
When we talk adventure and active holidays, the Northeast region has everything that the rest of India has to offer – be it trekking, hiking, cycling, biking, mountaineering.
The Hornbill Festival of Kohima in Nagaland which takes place every year from 1-7 December, has become hugely popular globally.
The Ziro Music Festival (this year 27-30 September), voted the most organic music festival in India has captured the imagination of the entire country, particularly the youth, despite its remote location.
LAST BUT NOT THE LEAST
Darjeeling, Kalimpong etc are NOT Northeast India. They are in North Bengal !
By: Kuntil Baruwa
Kuntil Baruwa is our explorer-in-residence. He travels all over the Indian sub-continent to make friends with locals and use their recommendations to design unique experiences for the inquisitive savvy traveller.